Technology is broadly defined as anything that helps humans solve real-world problems in an efficient and sustainable way. This includes both tangible tools, such as a crowbar or wooden spoon, and intangible ones, such as computer software and business methods. In addition, technology may include a variety of different mediums that help people communicate and entertain themselves.
Humans need technology to survive and thrive. They have used technology since prehistoric times to convert natural resources into useful items such as weapons, tools and fire. During the last few hundred years, technological advancements have made it possible for humans to reach out and control their environment on a global scale. These technological advances have also allowed human populations to multiply rapidly.
The term technology can also be used to refer to the techniques and devices developed by a particular culture. For example, the technology of a specific language might be a certain alphabet or system of writing. Alternatively, technology can refer to the broader concept of information technology which covers a wide range of different mediums and technologies that facilitate information transfer between humans and machines.
Technology enables people to achieve a level of production that would be impossible to match with human labor alone. This is because machines are much faster and more accurate than humans, which frees up the workforce to handle other tasks that require a higher degree of attention to detail. Furthermore, using technology in areas that are traditionally handled by humans can save significant costs.